Over at The Scholarly Kitchen, Phil Davis has posted an arresting graphic illustrating the output of science publications by country, and the difference between 1996 and 2009. The "bubble plot" graphic shows the incredible ascension of China - and to a lesser extent India and Brazil - as producers of scholarly scientific content, a fact that many forget amid all the talk of those regions as "markets."
Along with its economic growth, China has also been investing heavily in R&D, and the result is a massive increase in scientific article production.
Data tables, like those appearing in the “2010 UNESCO Science Report,” provide adequate summaries of what is taking place in the world of science, but the data, printed in a static PDF, doesn’t really capture the dynamics of what has been taking place in the last few years.
If you have a free moment please do take a look.